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Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c. Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians, Basques and Celts.
Early on its coastal areas were settled by Phoenicians who founded Western Europe´s most ancient cities Cadiz and Malaga.
Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a cultural renaissance and steady economic growth.
The best known artefacts of these prehistoric human settlements are the famous paintings in the Altamira cave of Cantabria in northern Iberia, which were created from 35,600 to 13,500 BCE by Cro-Magnon.
Spain emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, following the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs and the completion of the eight centuries-long reconquest, or Reconquista from the Moors in 1492.
In the early modern period, Spain became one of history's first global colonial empires, leaving a vast cultural and linguistic legacy that includes over 500 million Spanish speakers, making Spanish the world's second most spoken first language, after Mandarin Chinese.
In a process that took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula.Prior to the Second World War, Spain suffered a devastating civil war and came under the rule of an authoritarian government, which oversaw a period of stagnation that was followed by a surge in the growth of the economy.Eventually democracy was peacefully restored in the form of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy.Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem.This man was a Grecian by birth, but who had been given a kingdom in Spain.