Dating of domestic china ceramics
Current thinking emphasizes domestication as a mutualistic relationship between humans and animals, with microevolutionary changes resulting from natural and humanly directed selection in anthropogenic environments or the human niche (2, 9–12).
Prey pathways to domestication have been well documented through culling of ancient goats, sheep, and cattle, and studies of age and sex profiles (10).
We report on the presence of cats directly dated between 5560–5280 cal B. in the early agricultural village of Quanhucun in Shaanxi, China.
Isolated cat bones have been found at Near Eastern sites, such as Jericho (6), but little is known about the crucial period for cat domestication between 9,000 and 4,000 y ago. Trade in cats was prohibited in ancient Egypt, but they were nevertheless exported to Greece around 3,000 y ago and from there to Europe (6).Directed pathways are reflected in pathologies or penning indicative of management of transport animals, and most recently by evidence for ancient milking (10, 13).Commensal pathways are thought to be the route that dogs, pigs, and cats followed to domestication (10).S1) (16) provided a rare opportunity to use archaeological data to examine early relations between people and cats.To answer the question of whether the early Chinese felids were wild or domestic and to investigate the role of cats in Yangshao villages, we undertook multidisciplinary analyses of cat bones from Quanhucun.